Low drag torque
Low energy consumption
Lightweight, compact, and reliable shifting can be achieved.
BorgWarner Beru Systems
HFI is based on the phenomenon of corona discharge.
Precise ignition timing
Enabler for alternative combustion processes, such as HCCI
Enabler for reduced mixture enrichment under full load
Combustion diagnostics by flame front detection
Management of the ignition energy by intelligent electronic control
Long single spark duration and high ignition energy
Plastic Omnium DINOx Premium
Auxiliary components such as the diesel exhaust fluid tank and standard fuel tank are now located under the cab instead of behind it on the frame.
With conventional wastegated turbochargers or fixed geometry turbochargers (FGT), a turbine flow area cannot be adjusted during operation.
Knocking is abnormal combustion in which the air-fuel mixture ignites prematurely due to exposure to high temperature and pressure, creating an unwanted high-frequency noise. When the compression ratio is increased, the temperature at compression top dead center (TDC) also rises, increasing the probability of knocking.