single turbo diesel engine
3.0l V6 TDI biturbo engine
The high pressure exhaust turbocharger has a Variable Turbine Geometry (VTG).
BMW Formel 1 Rennmotor
Blow-Off valves (BOV) use a combination of manifold pressure signal and spring force to detect when the throttle is closed. When the throttle is closed rapidly, the BOV vents boost in the intake tract to atmosphere to relieve the pressure; helping to eliminate the phenomenon of surge.
Turbo Response – When driving a vehicle with the cartridge ball bearing turbocharger, you will find exceptionally crisp and strong throttle response. Garrett Ball Bearing turbochargers spool up 15% faster than traditional journal bearings. This produces an improved response that can be converted to quicker 0-60 mph speed. In fact, some professional drivers of Garrett ball-bearing turbocharged engines report that they feel like they are driving a big, normally aspirated engine.
HVOF (High Velocity Oxy-Fuel)
During the APS process temperatures up to 20.000 "C are obtained, therefor this system is mainly used for refractory materials. Precedent to the coating process a grit blasting and degreasing of the substrate surface is performed.
HVOF equipment for the inside coating of light metal cylinder bores
The ratios for the gear ranges are implemented by planetary gear sets. In this automatic transmission,
all transmission functions and control components are combined into one assembly module.
M42 Electric transmission oil pump
Oil supply with stopped combustion engine
If the oil supply fails with a stopped combustion engine, all control elements and actuators
change to the basic state under no load and the automatic transmission is no longer
When the engine is started and the oil supply has been built up, the gear position has to
be changed from "N" to "D". The resulting delay between the intent to start off and the
time at which the vehicle does start off is noticeably minimized thanks to the electric
transmission oil pump. The electric transmission oil pump is actuated in start/stop mode
with the combustion engine stopped and takes on the basic supply of the control elements
and actuators here. A defined basic pressure is thus maintained.
The electric transmission oil pump also supports the primary pump when the combustion
engine is running at low rpm. The volumetric flow rate delivered by the electric transmission
oil pump as required is requested in the low-rpm range of the combustion engine
during shift operations (filling of the actuator) or with increased cooling requirements.
Support of the working pressure supply (boosting)
With an increased volumetric flow requirement (e.g. during shift operations), the electric
transmission oil pump supports the mechanically driven primary pump as required. The
volumetric flow rate for the electric transmission oil pump additionally provided here
counteracts drops in working pressure due to insufficient supply in these situations.
Highly efficient vane cell pump in off-axis configuration
13 Oil pump (primary pump)
Support of cooling and lubrication
The electric transmission oil pump is actuated as required with high cooling and lubrication
requirements in order to provide an additional volumetric flow rate. Thanks to the
option of providing an additional volumetric flow rate as required, the primary oil pump
could be considerably downsized and the CO2 output thus decreased.
As Porsche was interested in winning Can-Am Championship, they needed more power to their cars. Always thinking big, Piëch started development of the 16-cylinder engine. The experimental turbocharged 12-cylinder was also created. When they understood that it was easier to get the power out from the turbocharged 12-cylinder than from the 16-cylinder, the 16-cylinder version of the 917PA Spyder remained a one-off prototype. The 917/10K Turbo became the first turbocharged Porsche.
With conventional wastegated turbochargers or fixed geometry turbochargers (FGT), a turbine flow area cannot be adjusted during operation.
Knocking is abnormal combustion in which the air-fuel mixture ignites prematurely due to exposure to high temperature and pressure, creating an unwanted high-frequency noise. When the compression ratio is increased, the temperature at compression top dead center (TDC) also rises, increasing the probability of knocking.